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Volume 1 - Issue 1 (January 2021)

Role of Non-government Organizations (NGOs) in Alleviating Poverty from Urban Slums: A Study in Bangladesh


- Sadia S. Sara* and Roni Mridha

Abstract

Unplanned urbanization and industrialization created urban poverty has become major concern in developing countries. Slum in the urban area is major challenges to development because the condition of slum area is alarming. Migration of people from rural to urban area is increasing day by day. The present study aimed to investigate the role of NGOs in alleviating the poverty of the slum dwellers. It is quantitative study and guided by sample survey method. Interview with 180 samples and observation has been selected as data collection techniques for this study. The present study found that around 7% slum dwellers are engage in small business and 8% in porter. We observed that 17% dwellers are garments worker and 90% of them are women. 15% respondents earn near about 300-400 taka per day by working at factory as day labourer. Near about 46.66% respondent in the slum is motivated by the NGOs workers to get services from NGOs. 37% slum dwellers get services from famous and popular NGO named Grameen Bank. 24% of the respondent took membership on Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC). 56% of slum dwellers engaged in the micro credit program because they need loan for their investment as well as to remove there poverty. 44.44% of slum dwellers express that NGOs initiatives changed their life and they are now in a state of lees food and clothing problem. 22% express that after joining in the NGO, there socio-economic status become charged. 11% slum dwellers think that the initiative and activities of NGOs create there awareness about poverty. Government should take more emphasis on this urban poverty field. Quality and quantity of the services provided by NGOs should be increased. Interest rate in micro credit must be decreased to bring a noteworthy development of slum dwellers.

 

Keywords: Intervention, migration, poverty, slum, urban.

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